[SOLVED] Evaluating sources of information

[SOLVED] Evaluating sources of information

Research Paper Guidelines finding and evaluating sources of information
RATIONALE:
The research paper is an important part of this course’s curriculum. By completing this assignment, you will learn valuable skills that can be applied to other classes, to college, and your career field. Skill areas that this assignment focuses on include: finding and evaluating sources of information, reading for information, note taking, organizing information, outlining, word processing skills, and public speaking.
Please note the due dates for each part of the research paper. There will be class time to work on each assignment. However, you may find it necessary to also work on this project outside of class in order to meet each due date. You have up to the stated due date to turn in each part of the project. Assignments turned in after a due date will not receive credit unless there are extenuating circumstances.
REQUIREMENTS:
⦁ You must have 5-7 different scholarly sources for your paper. You may use internet sources as long as you do not use Wikipedia, Ask.com, eHow, etc. Consider finding informative books, encyclopedias, and/or magazine/newspaper articles in the library.
⦁ Your paper must be a minimum of 5 pages typed and double spaced. You must use Microsoft Word.
⦁ The paper must be completely in MLA format including the works cited page and the in-text citations.
⦁ In order to avoid plagiarism, you must properly cite your sources both in the essay itself and the works cited page.
GRADING SCALE:
⦁ Topic/subtopic sheet: 10 points Due:
⦁ 7 sources sheet(s): 15 points Due:
⦁ Annotated Bibliography: 50 points Due:
⦁ Outline: 25 points Due:
⦁ Rough draft: 40 points Due:
⦁ Peer editing: 10 Points Due:
⦁ Final Draft: 50 points Due:
Research Paper Expectations Checklist
Throughout the unit, use the following checklist to ensure you have met all of the components of the research essay. If you have questions about any of the assignments, please do not hesitate to ask.
⦁ Topic Sheet Due_____________________________________
⦁ What is the topic you selected?
⦁ Can you develop an additional 5 subtopics on the topic?
⦁ Is the topic narrow enough to create a clear and concise essay?
⦁ Is your topic researchable?
⦁ Can you find scholarly sources on your topic?
⦁ 7 Source Sheets Due __________________________________
⦁ Do you have all 7 sources?
⦁ Looking at the information you gathered, can you use at least 5 sources in your essay?
⦁ Are your sources scholarly?
⦁ Do you have enough information for each of your subtopics?
⦁ Do you need to do additional research? If so, for which subtopics?
⦁ Annotated Bibliography Due__________________________________
⦁ Do you understand the importance of an annotated bibliography?
⦁ Have you selected 3 of your 5 sources to complete the annotated bibliography?
⦁ Are each of your annotations a minimum of ¾ of a page?
⦁ Do your annotations effectively summarize the significance of the sources you selected for the assignment?
⦁ Do your annotations effectively explain how you plan on using the article within your essay?
⦁ Outline Due_______________________________________
⦁ Does your outline include a minimum of 5 subcategories?
⦁ Is your outline detailed, with direct quotes, facts, and statistics that support your topic?
⦁ Does your outline include in-text citations?
⦁ Does your outline include information from at least 5 sources?
⦁ Does your outline prepare you to write your rough draft?
⦁ Rough Draft Due_____________________________________
⦁ Does your rough draft follow your outline?
⦁ Does your rough draft include a minimum of 5 properly cited sources?
⦁ Are your sources synthesized throughout your essay?
⦁ Were you able to meet the page requirements based off the research you did?
⦁ If not, what additional research do you need to complete?
⦁ Final Draft Due______________________________________
⦁ Did you make the appropriate changes to your final draft based on the feedback you received on your rough draft?
⦁ Does your final draft meet all of the expectations found on the rubric?

 

Research Essay Rubric
Student Name:     ________________________________________

CATEGORY 10-8 7-5 4-3 2-0
Organization Information is very organized with well-constructed paragraphs and subheadings. Information is organized with well-constructed paragraphs. Information is organized, but paragraphs are not well-constructed. The information appears to be disorganized. 8)
Quality of Information Information clearly relates to the main topic. It includes several supporting details and/or examples. Information clearly relates to the main topic. It provides 1-2 supporting details and/or examples. Information clearly relates to the main topic. No details and/or examples are given. Information has little or nothing to do with the main topic.
Sources All sources (information and graphics) are accurately documented in the desired format. All sources (information and graphics) are accurately documented, but a few are not in the desired format. All sources (information and graphics) are accurately documented, but many are not in the desired format. Some sources are not accurately documented.
Mechanics No grammatical, spelling or punctuation errors. Almost no grammatical, spelling or punctuation errors A few grammatical spelling, or punctuation errors. Many grammatical, spelling, or punctuation errors.
Paragraph Construction All paragraphs include introductory sentence, explanations or details, and concluding sentence. Most paragraphs include introductory sentence, explanations or details, and concluding sentence. Paragraphs included related information but were typically not constructed well. Paragraphing structure was not clear and sentences were not typically related within the paragraphs.

Total: _________________________/50

Teacher Comments: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Selecting a Topic

When choosing your research topic, you should make sure you select something that is narrow, researchable, and manageable. On the following page, you will begin to map out three potential research topics that meet these expectations. From there, you will select one of the three to focus on.

Narrowing the Topic

Once you’ve selected your topic, you’ll need to determine how the main topic can be broken into a minimum of 5 subcategories. If the subcategories seem too broad, you may consider using a subcategory as your main topic and breaking it down. For example, if the topic I select is “Early Childhood Education” to begin with and my subcategories include “student learning styles, influential figures, activities/techniques, brain development of children, and classroom management techniques” I would quickly realize that my topic is too broad. I could easily write an entire essay on each of those subcategories. Therefore, I could narrow my topic by selecting just “Student Learning Styles” and breaking it down into 5 subtopics: kinesthetic, visual, verbal, auditory, and social.

Ask yourself the following question once you’ve selected a topic: Would I produce a more precise essay if I focused on one of the subcategories as my main topic? If so, how would I break it into sections?

BRAINSTORMING

When selecting your research topic, think of current events, social issues, laws, trending topics, history, and/or influential people. Then, select three that are narrow, researchable, and manageable. Fill in the chart below with potential ideas.

Current Events Social
Issues Laws/
Gov’t Issues Trending
Topics History Influential
People
EX: ISIS

 

EX: Gay Rights Ex: Gun Control Ex: Entitlement in professional sports Ex: The role of the USMC in the Civil War Ex: John Dewey’s impact on education

Topic 1:
Topic 2: Topic 3:
Break the topic into 5 subcategories:

 

Break the topic into 5 subcategories: Break the topic into 5 subcategories:
Is this topic narrow, researchable, and manageable?
Is this topic narrow, researchable, and manageable?
Is this topic narrow, researchable, and manageable?

Teacher approval: Teacher approval: Teacher approval:

Topic Selection Graphic Organizer
Use the following organizer to brainstorm potential topics for your essay.

Final topic selection: ______________________________________________________________________________
Why did you choose this topic? Explain how the topic is narrow, researchable, and manageable. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Final Research Paper Topic Sheet (10 pts)
⦁ The topic of my research paper is: _____________________________________________________________
⦁ I chose this topic because: _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
⦁ Five potential subcategories of my main topic could be:





⦁ Subtopics for each of my subcategories include:




⦁ Additional questions I want answered about my topic are:



**Once your topic is approved, you can begin looking for your sources!
Final Research Paper Topic Sheet EXAMPLE
⦁ The topic of my research paper is: Educational Learning Styles
⦁ I chose this topic because: As a teacher, it is important for me to know and understand the different learning styles of my students. I find the topic interesting and researchable.
⦁ Five potential subcategories of my main topic could be:
⦁ Kinesthetic learning
⦁ Visual learning
⦁ Verbal learning
⦁ Auditory learning
⦁ Social learning
⦁ Subtopics for each of my subcategories include:
⦁ Basic definition/purpose
⦁ Types of activities that appeal to each of the learners
⦁ How the brain works/develops
⦁ What the learner needs to be successful in the classroom
⦁ Additional questions I want answered about my topic are:
⦁ What is the main difference between each of the learning styles?
⦁ Are there additional learning styles that I am missing?
⦁ At what age can a person’s learning style be determined?

**Once your topic is approved, you can begin looking for your sources!
The Research Process
⦁ Now that you have selected your research topic, it is time to begin researching. It is important that the sources you select are scholarly and cover all of your subcategories.
⦁ Define scholarly article: __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
⦁ How can you identify a scholarly article? ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
⦁ What are examples of articles that are NOT considered scholarly? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
⦁ What databases can you use to find scholarly articles? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
⦁ You are required to record information from 7 sources. However, you are only required to cite 5 in your essay (unless you need all 7). On the next 7 pages, you should fill out the appropriate information which will help you create your MLA formatted Works Cited page at the end of your essay. The bottom half of the page should be filled completely. The more research you find, the easier it will be to write your rough draft.
Topics to research:

Research Essay Sources
Source #2: What subtopic does this source belong to: _______________________________________
Title of Article: ____________________________________________________
Title of Website:___________________________________________________
Author: ________________________________________
Date of Publication: ________________________________________________
Date of Access (today’s date): ________________________________________
Publisher: _______________________________________
Page Numbers Used (If applicable): __________________
Information/Direct Quotes/Statistics:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source #2: What subtopic does this source belong to: _______________________________________
Title of Article: ____________________________________________________
Title of Website:___________________________________________________
Author: ________________________________________
Date of Publication: ________________________________________________
Date of Access (today’s date): ________________________________________
Publisher: _______________________________________
Page Numbers Used (If applicable): __________________
Information/Direct Quotes/Statistics:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source #3: What subtopic does this source belong to: _______________________________________
Title of Article: ____________________________________________________
Title of Website:___________________________________________________
Author: ________________________________________
Date of Publication: ________________________________________________
Date of Access (today’s date): ________________________________________
Publisher: _______________________________________
Page Numbers Used (If applicable): __________________
Information/Direct Quotes/Statistics:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source #4: What subtopic does this source belong to: _______________________________________
Title of Article: ____________________________________________________
Title of Website:___________________________________________________
Author: ________________________________________
Date of Publication: ________________________________________________
Date of Access (today’s date): ________________________________________
Publisher: _______________________________________
Page Numbers Used (If applicable): __________________
Information/Direct Quotes/Statistics:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source #5: What subtopic does this source belong to: _______________________________________
Title of Article: ____________________________________________________
Title of Website:___________________________________________________
Author: ________________________________________
Date of Publication: ________________________________________________
Date of Access (today’s date): ________________________________________
Publisher: _______________________________________
Page Numbers Used (If applicable): __________________
Information/Direct Quotes/Statistics:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source #6: What subtopic does this source belong to: _______________________________________
Title of Article: ____________________________________________________
Title of Website:___________________________________________________
Author: ________________________________________
Date of Publication: ________________________________________________
Date of Access (today’s date): ________________________________________
Publisher: _______________________________________
Page Numbers Used (If applicable): __________________
Information/Direct Quotes/Statistics:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source #7: What subtopic does this source belong to: _______________________________________
Title of Article: ____________________________________________________
Title of Website:___________________________________________________
Author: ________________________________________
Date of Publication: ________________________________________________
Date of Access (today’s date): ________________________________________
Publisher: _______________________________________
Page Numbers Used (If applicable): __________________
Information/Direct Quotes/Statistics:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Annotated Bibliography Internet Scavenger Hunt

⦁ Task One: Visit the OWL Purdue website and read the definition, format, and purpose of annotated bibliographies. Then, summarize each category in 3-5 words. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/614/01/

 

 

⦁ Read the article on paraphrasing provided by the OWL Purdue website. Then, paraphrase the entire passage. *Paraphrasing is an essential aspect of annotated bibliographies. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/563/02/

 

 

⦁ Visit the Cornell University Library webpage and read the formal examples provided of annotated bibliographies. Then, create a list of formatting tips that you will use. http://olinuris.library.cornell.edu/ref/research/skill28.htm

 

 

⦁ Watch the following YouTube video that illustrates how to create a properly formatted annotated bibliography. Then, set up an annotated bibliography in a Word document. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lPhWhRlEWtI

 

 

⦁ Read the article attached to the link below. Then, do your best to write an annotation for the passage. Your annotation should be at least ¾of a page. http://www.startupnation.com/business-articles/9457/1/social-media-network-marketing.htm

 

Annotated Bibliographies 101
Page 1
What is an annotated bibliography?

An annotated bibliography is a summary and evaluation of research that has been completed prior to writing a formal essay. Annotations require you to summarize, analyze, and reflect on scholarly articles that are needed for a well-written essay.

What purpose does an annotated bibliography serve?

In order to fully and accurately comprehend the topic you are studying, an annotated bibliography is necessary. Creating these annotations will help you organize and categorize your subtopics as well as understand their most important aspects. Also, the last few sentences of your annotations require you to reflect on how you intend to use the information in your paper, which is a form of pre-writing.

Example of an MLA formatted annotation:

Hollenbeck, J. R., & Williams, C. R. (1987). Goal Importance, Self-Focus, and the Goal-Setting Process. Journal of Applied Psychology, 73(2), 204-211.

The authors, graduate students from Michigan State University, examine the importance of self-focus in the goal-setting process. Their study aims to analyze the effect that goal setting has on future performance as opposed to past performance without goals. Subjects in the study were assessed based on their archival records for the past three months as well as their future performance success of the three months following the questionnaire. The results of the study show that having high goals and self-determination leads to high performance. Those who did not set goals were not as successful as those subjects that did. I intend to use this article as evidence to support my claim that setting goals does lead to greater success.
**Notice that the annotation appropriately summarized the scholarly article and
also explains how I intend to use the article in my essay.

Annotated Bibliography Assignment
PURPOSE: The purpose of this assignment is to help you organize and categorize the information you gathered during research.
⦁ Think of the topic you selected for your annotated bibliography.
⦁ Select 5 of the 7 scholarly articles related to your topic
⦁ Print your articles and highlight the most significant information you wish to include in your annotations.
⦁ Create an MLA formatted annotated bibliography in Word. Be sure to properly format it by looking at the examples and YouTube video provided in your internet scavenger hunt.
Requirements:
⦁ You will have a minimum of 5 annotations.
⦁ Your annotations should all relate to the topic you were assigned.
⦁ Your annotations should be a minimum of ¾of a page.
⦁ Your annotations should be formatted in APA style.
⦁ Your annotations should be grammatically correct and well thought out.
⦁ Your annotations should NOT be copied and pasted from the article. These should be in YOUR WORDS only.
Annotated Bibliography Peer Checklist
Development:
⦁ Underline any fragments or run-on sentences.
⦁ Put a star next to any paragraph that is not fully developed or is confusing.
⦁ Read the annotations out loud. Do they sound competent and professional?
Punctuation and Organization:
⦁ Find and mark any comma splices.
⦁ Look for lack of commas and missing periods at the end of sentences.
⦁ Circle any ineffective transition statements.
Formatting:
⦁ Check to make sure the annotations are in alphabetical order.
⦁ Check to make sure the margins are all 1”
⦁ Is the font Times New Roman—size 12?
⦁ Are the citations correctly formatted in MLA format?
Grammar:
⦁ Circle any misspelled words throughout the annotations.
⦁ Underline any capitalization errors.
Annotated Bibliography Rubric
Student Name: _____________________________________ Final Grade: _______
CATEGORY Exceeds Expectations Meets Expectations Meets Some Expectations Does Not Meet Expectations
Organization Information is very organized with well-constructed paragraphs and subheadings. Information is organized with well-constructed paragraphs. Information is organized, but paragraphs are not well-constructed. The information appears to be disorganized.
Quality of Information Information clearly relates to the main topic. It includes several supporting details and/or examples. Information clearly relates to the main topic. It provides 1-2 supporting details and/or examples. Information clearly relates to the main topic. No details and/or examples are given. Information has little or nothing to do with the main topic.
Internet Use Successfully uses suggested internet links to find information and navigates within these sites easily without assistance. Usually able to use suggested internet links to find information and navigates within these sites easily without assistance. Occasionally able to use suggested internet links to find information and navigates within these sites easily without assistance. Needs assistance or supervision to use suggested internet links and/or to navigate within these sites.
First Draft Detailed draft is neatly presented and includes all required information. Draft includes all required information and is legible. Draft includes most required information and is legible. Draft is missing required information and is difficult to read.
Peer Editing Provides exceptional feedback to peers and puts forth a great deal of effort to ensure his/her classmate has an effective annotated bibliography Provides adequate feedback to peers and attempts to ensure his/her classmate has an effective annotated bibliography. Provides some feedback to peers, but not not put for a great deal of effort to ensure the quality of his/her classmate\’s annotation is effective. Does not provide peers with feedback or attempt to help classmates.
APA Formatting The annotated bibliography is accurately formatted using APA style without any errors. The annotated bibliography is accurately formatted in APA style with only 1-2 errors. The annotated bibliography is accurately formatted in APA style with 3-4 errors. The annotated bibliography is not accurately formatted in APA style.

Teacher Comments: ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Research Paper Outline Guidelines

Directions: Based on your topic sheet, research, and annotated bibliography, you will need to draft out an outline that will help you write your rough draft. The more detailed your outline is, the easier it will be to write your essay. **Be sure to use in-text citations that show where your quotes are from.

Outline Example:
⦁ Subcategory one: Kinesthetic learners
⦁ Quote to support subtopic #1: A kinesthetic-tactile learning style requires that you manipulate or touch material to learn. Kinesthetic-tactile techniques are used in combination with visual and/or auditory study techniques, producing multi-sensory learning (Houghton).
⦁ Quote to support subtopic #2: Kinesthetic learners are most successful when totally engaged with the learning activity. They acquire information fastest when participating in a science lab, drama presentation, skit, field trip, dance, or other active activity (Farwell).
⦁ Quote to support subtopic #3: 30% of students are kinesthetic learners and need more tactile (hands-on) and movement based activities (Prince).
⦁ Quote to support subtopic #4: Most kinesthetic learners love games because they often involve movement but are also enjoyable – kinesthetic learners pethaps more than other students who have different learning preferences need the element of enjoyment and fun to sustain their concentration, especially when they are younger, and it’s worth developing a repertoire of successful games that you can play in many different contexts (Kinesthetic Learners).

Notice that each quote includes an in-text citation AND all of the subtopic quotes correlate with my subtopics listed on my topic page at the beginning of this unit.

You can either type or handwrite your outline.
Outline Template:
Topic of research essay:____________________________
⦁ Introductory Paragraph
⦁ Point one:
⦁ Point two:
⦁ Point three:
⦁ Thesis Statement
⦁ Subtopic one:
⦁ Quote to support sub-subtopic #1:
⦁ Quote to support sub-subtopic #2:
⦁ Quote to support sub-subtopic #3:
⦁ Quote to support sub-subtopic #4:
⦁ Subtopic two:
⦁ Quote to support sub-subtopic #1:
⦁ Quote to support sub-subtopic #2:
⦁ Quote to support sub-subtopic #3:
⦁ Quote to support sub-subtopic #4:
⦁ Subtopic three:
⦁ Quote to support sub-subtopic #1:
⦁ Quote to support sub-subtopic #2:
⦁ Quote to support sub-subtopic #3:
⦁ Quote to support sub-subtopic #4:
⦁ Subtopic four:
⦁ Quote to support sub-subtopic #1:
⦁ Quote to support sub-subtopic #2:
⦁ Quote to support sub-subtopic #3:
⦁ Quote to support sub-subtopic #4:
⦁ Subtopic five:
⦁ Quote to support sub-subtopic #1:
⦁ Quote to support sub-subtopic #2:
⦁ Quote to support sub-subtopic #3:
⦁ Quote to support sub-subtopic #4:
⦁ Conclusion:
⦁ Point one:
⦁ Point two:
⦁ Point three:
⦁ Restate thesis statement:
The Writing Process
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
⦁ Page 1: The Importance of Understanding Plagiarism
⦁ Page 2-3: MLA Formatting
⦁ Page 4-5: Avoiding Plagiarism by using Citations
⦁ Page 6-7: Introductions and thesis statement
⦁ Page 8-14: Body Paragraphs (topic sentences, embedding quotes, and transition statements)
⦁ Page 15: Conclusions/Reflecting on what you learned

Now that you have completed all parts of the research pre-writing, it is time to begin writing your rough draft. Using the information you’ve already researched/outlined as well as the guidelines on the following pages, begin drafting your 5 page essay. If you still need to do additional research, you can—but remember that you will need to add a source sheet.

Please do not hesitate to ask questions if you are confused. Writer’s block is a real thing!

 

 

 

The Importance of Understanding Plagiarism

⦁ What do you already know about plagiarism? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

⦁ What is the dictionary definition of plagiarism? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

⦁ What is your school’s policy for students who plagiarize? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

⦁ How can you avoid plagiarism? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

⦁ What have you already done to avoid plagiarism in your essay? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

For this particular essay, you will not receive any credit for an essay that is copied word for word by someone else or that does not have in-text citations stating where the information is from.

 

 

MLA FORMATTING EXAMPLE
Brittany Smith
English 11
Ms. Wheaton
23 March 2015
Brain Development and Learning Styles
Research has proven that students in today’s classrooms have varying levels of understanding based on their learning style. A learning style can be defined as the pedagogical method that best fits a student’s learning approach. With these styles outlined, teachers are able to differentiate their lessons and create materials that appeal to all different types of learning. Based on their strengths, weaknesses, and preferences, students generally fit into one or two categories—and can greatly benefit from instruction that meets their needs. A student’s brain development determines whether their learning style can be categorized as kinesthetic, visual, verbal, auditory, or social.
Kinesthetic Learners
Students who prefer a more hands-on, interactive approach to learning are considered kinesthetic learners. Formally, a kinesthetic learner can be defined as, “a learning style that requires a student to manipulate or touch material to learn. Kinesthetic-tactile techniques are used in combination with visual and/or auditory study techniques, producing multi-sensory learning” (Houghton). Furthermore, it is apparent to educators that this style of learner cannot learn as well by simply listening to a lecture or watching a demonstration; instead, the student prefers to be actively engaged and to learn by doing the task themselves. Typically, activities such as group work, drama presentation, recreational games, and project-based assessments will peak a kinesthetic learner’s interest (Farwell). In a recent study conducted by Jarred Prince, it was discovered that on average, 30% of students are considered kinesthetic learners (Prince). Knowing this, teachers are able to develop a variety of interactive lesson plans that will allow kinesthetic learners to express their creativity by performing the task at hand. Ultimately, this style of learning is most successful when the student and the teacher both understand that in order to sustain their attention; the activities must reach the student on a more tactile level.
MLA FORMATTING GUIDELINES

MLA formatting includes:

⦁ Times New Roman (size 12) font
⦁ 1” margins
⦁ A header with your name, your course name, your teacher’s name, and the date (day, month, year).

COLOR coded map:

⦁ The red represents the thesis statement. A thesis statement is a sentence, typically at the end of the introductory paragraph that encompasses all of the key components of your essay. It serves as a road map for the rest of your paper.

⦁ The purple represents a topic sentence. At the beginning of each of your subtopics, you should have a topic sentences that states what the paragraph will be about indirectly. NOTICE: the sentence does not say “This paragraph will be about…”

⦁ The orange represents an in-text citation. An in-text citation gives credit to the author of the information, protects you from plagiarizing, and ensures that you have evidence to support your claims.

⦁ The blue represents a transition statement. Transition statements introduce your direct quotes. EXAMPLE: research shows, studies prove, it is evident that…

In order to receive full credit on your essay, you need to include all of these components. Not only will they create a properly formatted essay, but they will also create flow to your essay.

ESSAY CHECKPOINT:
Before beginning your essay, write down any questions you may have about the above information. We will discuss them as a class.
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
In-Text Citations & Works Cited Page

As you learned, in order to avoid plagiarism, you will need to use in-text citations that correlate with your Works Cited page.

⦁ DEFINE in-text citation: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

**An MLA formatted in-text citation includes the AUTHOR’S LAST NAME (and page numbers if applicable) OR if there is not an author listed, the “Title of the Article”.

EXAMPLE of in-text citation:

Formally, a kinesthetic learner can be defined as, “a learning style that requires a student to manipulate or touch material to learn. Kinesthetic-tactile techniques are used in combination with visual and/or auditory study techniques, producing multi-sensory learning” (Houghton).

NOTICE: The period goes AFTER the in-text citation. This shows that the entire sentence is related to that particular source.

PRACTICE USING IN-TEXT CITATIONS

⦁ Step ONE: Refer to the 7 source sheets with your research.
⦁ Step TWO: Draw open parentheses at the top of each page. ( )
⦁ Step THREE: Locate the author’s last name (if there is not an author, locate the “Title of the Article”.
⦁ Step FOUR: Write the author’s last name OR the title of the article in the open parentheses for each page.
⦁ These will be your IN-TEXT CITATIONS
⦁ Any time you use information from a source sheet, you will use the correlating in-text citation to cite where you got the information from.
⦁ Write an example of a direct quote and in-text citation below:

PARAPHRASED STATEMENTS VS DIRECT QUOTES
⦁ A PARAPHRASED STATEMENT is a sentence (or multiple sentences) that are put in your own words BASED ON scholarly information you obtained from a source. Although these statements are in your own words, they still require in-text citations that show where the information is from.
⦁ A DIRECT QUOTE is information that is cited word-for-word from a source with “quotation marks” to indicate that the wording is from someone other than yourself.

PRACTICE:
Directions: Choose one of your source sheets. Select 3 pieces of information that you intend on using in your essay. Then, practice writing that information as a direct quote
AND a paraphrased statement.

Source Information #1 Source Information #2 Source Information #3
Direct Quote

 

Direct Quote Direct Quote
Paraphrased Statement

 

Paraphrased Statement Paraphrased Statement

Writing an Introduction

DIRECTIONS: Now that you are familiar with the basics of plagiarism, using citations, and formatting your work, it is time to begin writing your introductory paragraph. For many, writing an introduction can be a challenge. Follow these simple steps to create an attention-grabbing introduction.

Your introduction should prepare readers for your essay by giving them the information they need to follow your discussion. For this reason, your introduction should include a thesis statement that presents the main idea of your essay, which usually appears at the end of the introductory paragraph.

Here are some ways to begin your introduction:
⦁ _____ Begin with a general statement to introduce your topic.
⦁ _____ Begin with a contradiction: start with a statement recognizing an opinion or approach that is opposite from the one you plan to take in your essay.
⦁ _____ Begin with a short anecdote or narrative: if your story is interesting, it will draw readers in immediately. ***This is NOT a story about your own life… This is something from a news article or a well known event. REMEMBER: using first person is not an option for this essay.
⦁ _____ Begin with an interesting fact or statistic: make sure this is powerful, as you will be including factual information in your essay.
⦁ _____ Begin with a definition of a term that is important to your essay. You can either use a literal, dictionary definition or you can create your own definition based on the information you have researched.

Use the following checklist as you complete your introduction:

___________ 1. A Powerful Beginning: Begin with something that will catch your reader’s
attention (without confusing him/her). Your audience should be hooked at this point—they should want to continue reading.

___________ 2. Purpose: Make it evident that your essay is to inform the audience of your topic. Why should they care about your topic?

___________ 3. Scope: Briefly discuss the components you plan to discuss in your paper.

___________ 4. Background Information: Pretend as though the audience is not familiar with any aspect of your topic. What information is absolutely essential for them to know prior to reading the rest of your essay?

___________ 5. State your thesis statement or main purpose for writing your essay.

BRAINSTORM YOUR INTRODUCTION
Directions: Using the space below, draft out how you would like your introduction to look.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Writing Your Body Paragraphs

Each of your body paragraphs should be formatted using the guidelines below:
⦁ 7-10 sentences
⦁ 1st sentence must be a topic sentence stating what the paragraph is about.
⦁ NOT OKAY: “This paragraph will be about kinesthetic learners.”
⦁ OKAY: “Students who prefer a more hands-on, interactive approach to learning are considered kinesthetic learners.”
⦁ Sentences 2-4 should cover basic information about your topic. Look at your outline for information.
⦁ Sentences 4-5 provide evidence from the text to support the above claims. USE TRANSITION STATEMENTS. Research shows, Studies prove, It is evident that, etc… **Don’t forget to use in-text citations!
⦁ Sentences 6-7 EXPLAIN the significance of the quotes that were used.
⦁ Sentences 8-9 conclude the paragraph and transition into the next.
⦁ You will have a body paragraph for each direct subtopic in your outline.

Body Paragraph Example:

Students who prefer a more hands-on, interactive approach to learning are considered kinesthetic learners. Formally, a kinesthetic learner can be defined as, “a learning style that requires a student to manipulate or touch material to learn. Kinesthetic-tactile techniques are used in combination with visual and/or auditory study techniques, producing multi-sensory learning” (Houghton). Furthermore, it is apparent to educators that this style of learner cannot learn as well by simply listening to a lecture or watching a demonstration; instead, the student prefers to be actively engaged and to learn by doing the task themselves. Typically, activities such as group work, drama presentation, recreational games, and project-based assessments will peak a kinesthetic learner’s interest (Farwell). In a recent study conducted by Jarred Prince, it was discovered that on average, 30% of students are considered kinesthetic learners (Prince). Knowing this, teachers are able to develop a variety of interactive lesson plans that will allow kinesthetic learners to express their creativity by performing the task at hand. Ultimately, this style of learning is most successful when the student and the teacher both understand that in order to sustain their attention; the activities must reach the student on a more tactile level.
Take a Closer Look at the Example:
Directions: Take a closer look at the body paragraph example above and answer the following questions prior to formatting your own.
⦁ What did the author use as their topic sentence?

 

⦁ How many direct quotes did the author use?
⦁ How many paraphrased statements did the author use?
⦁ How many sources did the author use?
⦁ What point of view did the author use? Why is this important?

⦁ What transition statement was used to introduce the direct quote?

⦁ How does the author’s choice to use multiple sources make the essay more credible and scholarly? **This technique is called synthesizing.

⦁ What does it mean to synthesize information?

 

⦁ Using the example, begin brainstorming your first body paragraph on the next page.

 

BUILDING YOUR BODY PARAGRAPHS (#1)
Topic Sentence: 1 sentence
Basic Information: 2-3 sentences

Direct quote or paraphrased information: 2-3 sentences with transition statements & in-text citations
Follow up sentences: 2-3 sentences explaining the importance of the above quotes.
Concluding sentence: 1-2 sentences

BUILDING YOUR BODY PARAGRAPHS (#2)
Topic Sentence: 1 sentence
Basic Information: 2-3 sentences

Direct quote or paraphrased information: 2-3 sentences with transition statements & in-text citations
Follow up sentences: 2-3 sentences explaining the importance of the above quotes.
Concluding sentence: 1-2 sentences

BUILDING YOUR BODY PARAGRAPHS (#3)
Topic Sentence: 1 sentence
Basic Information: 2-3 sentences

Direct quote or paraphrased information: 2-3 sentences with transition statements & in-text citations
Follow up sentences: 2-3 sentences explaining the importance of the above quotes.
Concluding sentence: 1-2 sentences

BUILDING YOUR BODY PARAGRAPHS (#4)
Topic Sentence: 1 sentence
Basic Information: 2-3 sentences

Direct quote or paraphrased information: 2-3 sentences with transition statements & in-text citations
Follow up sentences: 2-3 sentences explaining the importance of the above quotes.
Concluding sentence: 1-2 sentences

BUILDING YOUR BODY PARAGRAPHS (#5)
Topic Sentence: 1 sentence
Basic Information: 2-3 sentences

Direct quote or paraphrased information: 2-3 sentences with transition statements & in-text citations
Follow up sentences: 2-3 sentences explaining the importance of the above quotes.
Concluding sentence: 1-2 sentences

TRANSITION STATEMENTS
Using transition statements that sound professional and intelligent will
add credibility to your work.
Here’s a list of transition statements:

⦁ First, second, third…
⦁ Not only ________________, but also _________________________
⦁ Research shows…
⦁ Studies prove…
⦁ It is evident that…
⦁ In addition…
⦁ Furthermore…
⦁ Moreover…
⦁ Comparatively…
⦁ Equally important…
⦁ To conclude…
⦁ As previously stated…
⦁ To summarize…
⦁ Overall…
⦁ Given these points…
⦁ For example…
⦁ For instance…
⦁ Ultimately…
⦁ _________________ (author’s name) states…
⦁ Therefore…
⦁ However…
⦁ Unfortunately…
⦁ Fortunately…
⦁ Other ____________________________________________
Writing Your Conclusion
DIRECTIONS: Use the following guidelines to write the concluding paragraph of your essay. The purpose of your conclusion is to reflect on what you’ve researched, summarize the main points, and focus on three/four specific points you want your audience to take with them.

Your conclusion should:

⦁ Be 6-8 sentences
⦁ Include a brief summary of your essay’s main points
⦁ NOT include any NEW information (should all be reflection on what has already been stated)
⦁ Focus on three of the MAIN points of your essay. Ask yourself what you want your readers to take with them. What are the overarching themes of your essay?
⦁ Restate the main idea of your essay, or your thesis statement

Brainstorm Your Conclusion

Topic Sentence

Summary of main points

3 overarching themes

 

Restate/reword thesis

Creating Your Works Cited Page
Using the source sheets that you created in section 3 of this packet, create your Works Cited page (as demonstrated below).

⦁ Your Works Cited page should be in alphabetical order
⦁ Each of your in-text citations should correlate with a source on your Works Cited page.
⦁ Your Works Cited page should be properly cited in MLA format.

For formatting, refer to the OWL Purdue site here:

https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/05/

 

 

 

 

 

Attach your Works Cited page to the back side of your essay prior to turning it in. Remember, any source that is cited within your essay MUST be included in your Works Cited.

Peer Review & Reflection

Directions: Use the following checklist to peer edit your classmate’s essay.

Development & Support:
⦁ Underline any sentence fragments and/or run-on sentences.
⦁ Mark any paragraph in which the main idea is not clearly developed.
⦁ Check to make sure there is a clear connection between all support/evidence.
⦁ Read the paper out loud. Do the introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion flow together?

Punctuation Errors/Organization:
⦁ Find and mark any comma splices.
⦁ Look for lack of commas/missing periods at the end of sentences.
⦁ After reading the essay out loud, add any necessary punctuation marks that you feel will help improve the quality of the essay.
⦁ Put a star near any ineffective transitions.
⦁ Put a star next to any paragraph that does not focus on a single idea.

Citing Work:
⦁ Do they have enough sources? Are they in MLA format?
⦁ Alphabetical order
⦁ 2nd line of each source should be indent ½ inch.
⦁ Font should be Times New Roman, Size 12
⦁ Title should be—Works Cited—centered at the top of the page.
⦁ Make sure each in-text citation matches with a source on the Works Cited page.
⦁ Mark any direct quote or paraphrased statement that does not have an in-text citation with it.

Spelling Errors:
⦁ Make sure all words are spelled correctly.
⦁ Use a dictionary if you are unsure of a word.
⦁ Make sure all proper nouns are capitalized.
⦁ Make sure that words that should not be capitalized are lowercase.
⦁ Mark any word that you feel does not make sense in the sentence or paragraph.

First Person VS Third Person:
⦁ Mark any instance of 1st person
⦁ I, me, my,
⦁ Replace “I, me, my, you, your” with:
⦁ One, he, him, she, her it, they, their, people, person, etc.
⦁ OR erase it completely
⦁ Eliminate any cliché phrases. EX: “This paragraph will be about…”
REFLECTION
Fill out the graphic organizer as you reflect on your rough draft and final draft.

ROUGH DRAFT REFLECTION

What changes do you need to make prior to completing your final?

What feedback did you receive from your peers? What will you do to make the corrections?

What is the most challenging part? What part do you think is the easiest?

FINAL DRAFT REFLECTION

After receiving feedback on your essay, what part do you feel you did the best on?

After receiving feedback on your essay, what part do you feel you could still improve on?

What are THREE (3) things you learned from your research?

FINAL RUBRIC

CATEGORY 10-8 7-5 4-3 2-0
Organization Information is very organized with well-constructed paragraphs and subheadings. Information is organized with well-constructed paragraphs. Information is organized, but paragraphs are not well-constructed. The information appears to be disorganized. 8)
Quality of Information Information clearly relates to the main topic. It includes several supporting details and/or examples. Information clearly relates to the main topic. It provides 1-2 supporting details and/or examples. Information clearly relates to the main topic. No details and/or examples are given. Information has little or nothing to do with the main topic.
Sources All sources (information and graphics) are accurately documented in the desired format. All sources (information and graphics) are accurately documented, but a few are not in the desired format. All sources (information and graphics) are accurately documented, but many are not in the desired format. Some sources are not accurately documented.
Mechanics No grammatical, spelling or punctuation errors. Almost no grammatical, spelling or punctuation errors A few grammatical spelling, or punctuation errors. Many grammatical, spelling, or punctuation errors.
Paragraph Construction All paragraphs include introductory sentence, explanations or details, and concluding sentence. Most paragraphs include introductory sentence, explanations or details, and concluding sentence. Paragraphs included related information but were typically not constructed well. Paragraphing structure was not clear and sentences were not typically related within the paragraphs.

Total Points: ___________________________________________________________________

Teacher Comments: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

evaluating sources of information evaluating sources of information evaluating sources of information evaluating sources of information evaluating sources of information evaluating sources of information evaluating sources of information evaluating sources of information evaluating sources of information evaluating sources of information evaluating sources of information evaluating sources of information evaluating sources of information evaluating sources of information evaluating sources of information evaluating sources of information evaluating sources of information evaluating sources of information evaluating sources of information evaluating sources of information evaluating sources of information evaluating sources of information


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