Composition 2: Poetry
For the Second Short Work, you are going to analyze one of the poems from the book Approximations . You must choose one of the poems that we have NOT studied. Your analysis should be four pages long (minimum 4: maximum 7), typewritten and leaving two lines between lines ( double-spaced ). Read the rubric below carefully to see what criteria will be used to grade the paper.
Any other poem of your choice, you can find within the book.
Francisco de Quevedo, “Oh, Floralba! I dreamed that I… Shall I tell you?”
Antonio Machado, “Walker, are your footprints” (211-21)
José Martí, “If you see a mountain of foam” (200-201)
Anonymous, “Romance of Count Arnaldos” (174-176)
Garcilaso de la Vega: “As long as rose and lily” (178)
Saint Teresa of Jesus: “I live without living in myself” and “Nothing disturbs you” (180-181)
Saint John of the Cross: “Dark Night” (183)
Francisco de Quevedo: “<<Ah life!>>… Nobody answers me?” (189)
José de Espronceda: “Pirate Song” (193-94)
Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer: “The dark swallows will return” (199)
José Martí: “Two Homelands” (201)
Ruben Dario: “To Roosevelt”
Vicente Huidobro: “Poetic Art” 219-220
Pablo Neruda: “Ode to the Tomato”, 231-233
Octavio Paz, “Cipher”, 235
Nicolás Guillén: “Sensemayá”, 229-230
Nancy Morejon, “Black Woman”, 246-249
Gabriela Mistral: “Rocking” and “I am not lonely”, 215-216
Alfonsina Storni: “Little Man” and “Squares and Angles”
Juana de Ibarbourou: “The fig tree” and “Rebelde”, 221-223
Step One: What Poem?
Choose a poem that you understand very well and that lends itself to literary analysis. When choosing a poem, you can think of one of the poetic styles or types of poem that we have studied. For example, if you have a good understanding of ‘romanticism’ or ‘modernism’ or ‘concrete poetry’, you can choose a poem that reflects that style or type of poem. Your analysis may consist of presenting a definition of the style or type of poem and then an interpretation of the features of the poem that classify it as typical (or atypical) of the style/movement (etc.). If you want to further develop the theme that you investigated in the first composition, it is also possible to choose a poem that deals with a similar theme (free will, political oppression or the oppression of women, etc.).analysis of the message or theme —the literal and figurative level—of the poem, whatever the focus of your thesis. What does the poet want to communicate to the reader in that poem?
Step Two: What does the poem mean? Message?
If you choose to analyze how a poem reflects its sociohistorical context or a poetic movement, you must still include a consistent and logical interpretation of its meaning as part of your analysis . Generally the message of your poem should somehow reflect your poetic movement or your socio-historical context. For example, an avant-garde poem about the freedom of the individual presents a theme that also reflects that movement.
Step Three: Does academic literary criticism support my interpretation of this poem/poet?
Support your thesis with extratextual information . Read the Introductions (in Approaches and on Blackboard), noting any historical or cultural information that supports your interpretation of the text. In this written work it is a requirement to cite and include at least two articles or academic booksin the list of works cited. You should search for those scholarly sources in the UHD library databases (I prefer to use JSTOR and MLA International for the ease of finding electronic copies of cited articles in the database). When citing an article, write the necessary bibliographic information following the MLA style (title of the cited text, edition, place and year of publication and page): See our library website (http://library.uhd.edu/mla ) to see how to cite according to the MLA style . Also the Purdue Owl page can be very helpful in learning to cite well (see: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/ ). Cornell University’s page is also good: http://www.library.cornell.edu/resrch/citmanage/mla .
Include a list of ‘ Works Cited’ at the end of the written work. When you quote an article directly or indirectly, it is necessary to preface the citation with an introductory phrase , as in the following four examples:
- John Smith points out the importance of this aspect of Quevedo’s poetry when he writes that “….” (3. 4. 5).
- Dolores Tierney has written the following about this aspect of the poem: “….”(33).
- The oppression of indigenous women in Latin America has been studied from various points of view (Hernández 12-14)
- The oppression of indigenous women in Latin America has been studied from various points of view (Hernández sin p.)
The first two examples demonstrate how an article can be cited directly (using a quote in quotation marks), and the last two exemplify how to paraphrase a source of information. Note that in both cases you must indicate the LAST NAME of the reviewer and the page (s) of the work cited (whose full title only appears in the list of works cited at the end); the citation indicates where that idea was found. In examples #3 and #4, Hernandez’s last name is included in parentheses because he had not mentioned it before; when citing by mentioning the surname of the cited critic in the introductory sentence, it is not necessary to put the surname with the page. Example #4 demonstrates how to cite an electronic source that has no pagination (no page =not paging ). Remember to indicate in the works cited list the date you read that web page if it is an electronic article. There are more examples of how to cite well on the Purdue Owl page mentioned above.
If you are citing an electronic source that was not first published in print (such as a scholarly article found in JSTOR, for example), look up the necessary format for your works cited list at the Purdue Owl . MLA style does not require a URL, but you do need to include the date you found the electronic source if it is a Web page rather than a journal or print book. Remember that it is much preferable to cite printed or paginated sources. Avoid using all sources that don’t name their authors (that includes Wikipedia, for example); that is a good indication that this source is NOT reliable.
Step Four: Organizing Ideas into Paragraphs
Organize your arguments so that each paragraph of the composition supports the central thesis of the written work. You can use an outline or idea web to organize your ideas in a coherent and logical way. Your essay needs to be divided into several paragraphs, with each paragraph focusing on one aspect of your central argument. Remember that each paragraph should develop an important aspect of your overall argument, and all the paragraphs together serve to prove your thesis .
Step Five: The thesis, the introduction, the other paragraphs
Write a draft of the composition with close attention to the structure of your argument, beginning with an introduction that contains the following:
- The title and full name of the author of the poem you are analyzing (usually in the first or second sentence is better, but it can appear in the topic sentence at the end of the paragraph): EXAMPLES: “In the sonnet “El cisne”, Rubén Darío… ”; “Juana de Ibarbourou explores….in her poem “La higuera”. Etc. It is a very good idea to include the dates of birth and death of the poet, or alternatively, the century in which he lived or the date of publication of the analyzed poem.
- Introductory information about the author, his time, his style or his worldview, etc. ( whatever is most appropriate to introduce your thesis about the poem: it is not a good idea to include TOO MUCH introductory information: only what is directly related to the focus of his thesis)
- A topic sentence (or thesis , underlined in your text) that announces your thesis about the poem . Remember that it is important to point out the meaning of the poem, using your literary analysis to support your interpretation of the theme. For this work, it can be a classificatory thesis but it must include something about the meaning of the poem as well: “’Poema X’ reflects all the main characteristics of Italianate poetry and even its presentation of the Carpe Diem theme participates in that movement to Hispanize poetry. Renaissance culture.
All paragraphs after the introduction should also have a central theme, which focuses on a main aspect of your overall argument. Sometimes it is necessary to repeat the central thesis again (using different words) in several paragraphs, so that the reader (your teacher) understands why you have included that information in the composition: what aspect of your central argument is elaborated? in that paragraph? This produces logical coherence in your composition. transition phrasesthat link one paragraph to another also produce more coherence in your composition. Transition or linking phrases are as follows: ‘That’s why’ or “In conclusion” (conclusion links), ‘However’ (contrast link), ‘On the other hand’ (compare or contrast link), “Also”, “This way (form)” or “It also looks the same” (assertion, summary and repetition links), etc. There is a long list of these types of transition phrases in this very folder that you should refer to in order to improve transitions in your writing. You must include at least five of these transition or introductory phrases .
Include an appropriate conclusion at the end of the work, in which you repeat again (using different words) the main idea of your interpretation: the overall meaning of the poem and why the author has used the literary elements he/she has analyzed to communicate it to us. If you have chosen to analyze the links between your poem and a poetic movement, you can also include general comments in the conclusion about the importance of this poem or poet in that movement, or the importance of that movement in the development of Hispanic literature in Latin America. general. It is important that the conclusion reflects your main argument and your thesis so that the reader is left with the impression that you have effectively demonstrated your analysis.
Step Six : Finishing Touches: Title and List of Works Cited
Include a title that reflects your thesis and serves as a ‘first introduction’ to your central argument about the poem. A title like “El modernismo” is not appropriate because it does not indicate the poem that he is going to analyze. A title like “’El sediento’ de Octavio Paz” is also not good because it does not indicate what aspect of the poem he is going to analyze.
In this short paper you will cite at least two academic articles or books to prove your thesis. Therefore, at the end of the short paper, include a Works Cited List organized according to MLA rules, including page numbers, where possible.
Step Seven : Preliminary Review
Check the spelling and grammar of your composition, using a Spanish checker to correct errors. Take another look at the rubric below and think about how your composition meets the requirements of the job.
Step Eight : Deliver on time
Post the essay on Turnitin.com using the link found in this same Course Units folder. It is not necessary to access the Turnitin.com website to do this: it is done via Blackboard, before the due date and time.
Assessment Rubric for SPAN 3340 (Poetry)
|Demonstrates a literal understanding of the text (ie, content, theme, vocabulary, allusions, etc.)
|Utiliza una aproximación formalista al texto (i.e., explica la forma literaria del texto, no sólo el contenido, como por ejemplo el yo poético, o la función del lenguaje figurado, o del ritmo o la rima o la métrica poética, o el tipo de poema estrófico o no-estrófico [etc.] para comunicar el mensaje/ sentimiento del poema.)
|Incluye una interpretación del mensaje, significado o tema del texto como tesis central del trabajo (¿Qué quiere comunicarnos este poema? ¿Qué significa?)
|Usa evidencia extratextual apropiada para apoyar su argumento (de las Introducciones de Aproximaciones o de Blackboard, y de dos artículos o libros académicos, que se encuentran por medio de un buscador académico de la biblioteca virtual de UHD o en la colección de revistas académicas y libros impresos o electrónicos de UHD)
|Título e Introducción apropiada: Se incluye un título apropiado para el ensayo. Se mencionan el título y el autor del poema y se incluye una oración temática que presenta la tesis central del análisis en el primer párrafo; la tesis está subrayada
|Presentación lógica y coherente de los argumentos, con información que realmente contribuye al argumento
|Se organizan las ideas en párrafos apropiados
|Conclusión apropiada, basada en la tesis anunciada en la introducción: la discusión anticipa los comentarios de la conclusión de forma clara y coherente
|ESTILO, ORTOGRAFIA, PUNTUACION, ETC. (20%)
|Se usa un lenguaje variado (no repite los ‘verbos fáciles’ en todas las oraciones—i.e., dar, decir, estar, haber, ser y tener) y un vocabulario literario apropiado; se usan por lo menos CINCO frases de transición de las listas de vocabulario retórico de este fólder (para Composición Uno) en Blackboard
|Se usa un estilo académico (tono objetivo, en tercera persona, con vocabulario estándar, sin expresiones subjetivas como ‘se me hace que’ o ‘pienso que…’ o ‘según mi opinión’, etc.): No use la primera persona en su composición
|Gramática apropiada y correcta
|Ortografía (acentuación) y puntuación (use el verificador de ortografía en español)
|Se indican las citas entre comillas (“así”) y los títulos o con comillas (si es corto, como un “poema”) o letra itálica (si es un libro más largo, como una novela o una revista académica); se siguen las normas de la MLA en la lista de Obras citadas al final
|Minus 20%, minimum
|A minimum of 3 full pages (without the title on the first page, leaving two lines between lines, in Times New Roman #12)