Your answers for each question should be between 3-5 substantive paragraphs (no puffy intro or conclusion necessary, just stick to content). This is an open book exam, but you must use only course materials (readings, modules, films, videos are all acceptable.) You do not need to cite anything unless it is a direct quote, but you should not use many direct quotes. The purpose of the exercise is to illustrate to me that you have read, considered, and processed the information I have given you and that you can formulate your own thoughts about it.
(Answers that are *not* rooted in the course material will *not* get a passing grade).
Choose and answer three (3) of these questions (#1 #2 #4 preferred):
1. Capitalism is an economic system based on a division of people into two primary classes: workers and owners. Explain the difference between these two categories of people and how they relate to one another. How did this class division start? How is it maintained? Why do so few people permanently switch classes?
2. The laws and logic of capitalism are firm and difficult for any individual person to break. But the laws of nature are equally firm and do not change simply because we want them to. Is there a contradiction – or clash – between these two sets of laws and logic? Is capitalism compatible with preserving a healthy environmental base for human and animal life? Or will capitalism inevitably push the climate crisis to deeper and more destructive lengths?
3. It is a widely held belief that capitalism generates innovation. The argument seems simple enough on the surface, but when put to the test, it doesn't hold up very well. Why do people believe that capitalism leads to transformative innovation? Why is that belief inaccurate or, at the very least, incomplete? What forms of technology does capitalism provide and what forms of technology are outside the realm of what makes sense for capitalist businesses to pursue?
4. One of the most common arguments in favour of capitalism is that there is no viable alternative. If this is true, then we would have to accept capitalism as the "least bad" option. But billions of people in the past century have disagreed with that statement and struggled to build various forms of socialism as a better alternative to capitalism. What is socialism? What distinguishes it from capitalism? Whose conditions of life tend to improve under a socialist economic system and whose conditions typically get worse?
5. Is capitalism democratic? We are often told that the free market is the perfect crystalization of what the public needs and wants, and that it provides for all our needs at the price that we all think is fair. Does this story hold up to an examination of the facts? Are everyone's needs equally met by the free market, or does it inherently favour some people over others, based on their economic circumstances? If people truly had democratic control over their lives, would the world remain basically the same or would it change? What do you think people would change?
Attached readings + links:
- George Monbiot, 2012 (http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2012/dec/31/year-abandon-natural-wo)
- Paul Hawken, The Ecology of Commerce, Ch 7
- Rights Action, Gold Mining Report
- FILM: The Yes Men Fix The World (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ji0cen79cPs)
- David McNally, Another World is Possible, Ch 3
- Chernomas and Hudson, Social Murder, Ch 2-4
- Milton Friedman, "The Social Responsibility of Corporations"
- Joel Bakan, The Corporation, Ch 4
- Joseph Stiglitz, "America's Houses of Cards" (http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2007/oct/09/housesofcards)
- : Capitalism, A Love Story (http://watchdocumentaries.com/capitalism-a-love-story/)
- David McNally, Another World is Possible, Ch 6
- Karl Polanyi, The Great Transformation, Ch 4
- optional: Arun Gupta, "The Wal-Mart Working Class"
Are you overwhelmed by your class schedule and need help completing this assignment? You deserve the best professional and plagiarism-free writing services. Allow us to take the weight off your shoulders by clicking this button.Get help